Introduction
The horticulture and crops program generally deals with the cultivation of vegetables, fruits and cereal crops. The crops are cultivated right from nursery establishment, transfer to the garden and finally marketing of the produce to the local community.

The vegetables include;

  • Onions
  • Tomatoes
  • Cabbage
  • Capsicum
  • Water Melon
  • Coriander

The cereals are;

  • Maize
  • Beans
  • Peas

These cereal produce are mostly used as food for the students while in the institution undergoing training. The by-products such as maize stalks are used in addition to the below livestock feeds as food for the dairy goats reared in the farm.

The Livestock feeds include;

  • Desmodium
  • Napier grass
  • Lucern
  • Bracharia

The fruit trees include;

  • Mangoes
  • Pawpaws
  • Grafted avocados
  • Tree tomatoes

Currently, we’re still experimenting to find out the most viable fruit varieties as we’re planning to roll out a well-established fruit tree section as soon as we ascertain what will do best in our location.

The cultivation of these crops is part of our holistic approach in training our students on practical sustainable farming that we would like them to replicate in their respective farms.

Use of Organic Fertilizer & Pesticides
One of the key feature of our training is the emphasis we put on the use of organic inputs such as fertilizer and pesticides. This is because such inputs do not have a negative impact on the environment or when the produce is consumed by livestock or human beings

The other major advantage of these organic inputs is that they are easily available and mostly free of charge, therefore making them accessible to our trainees when they eventually apply what they’ve learnt on their farms. Some of the ingredients we use for organic pesticides include;

  • Hot pepper
  • Datura Stramonium (Magữrữkia)
  • Mexican Marigold (Mữfangi)
  • Pawpaw leaves
  • Onions
  • Tithonia …etc

For organic fertilizer the farm utilizes goat and poultry manure harvested within the farm as well as the neighboring farms. This form of fertilizer supplies plants instantly with nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and other nutrients by warming the soil, which speeds up decomposition, and lowers the soil’s acidity level, or pH, less than chemical fertilizers.

Modes of irrigation
St. Elizabeth Demo Farm is located in the semi-arid region of Lower Subukia. It therefore goes without saying that to make the project feasible, a permanent borehole had to be sunk. To minimize on running costs, the farm has an elaborate solar system installed that pumps water from the borehole to elevated tanks wherefrom gravity feeds the drip irrigation system that is utilized in a section of the farm.

The farm also employs furrow irrigation method mostly for comparison purposes and exposure for the trainees to understand the different modes of irrigation.